Chronic conditions not only deeply affect those who suffer from them, but can also lead to increased medical expenditures and lost productivity for employers. However, in spite of their devastating effects, most chronic conditions are preventable. While some factors such as age, genetics and environmental triggers may be unavoidable, controlling modifiable risk factors such as smoking, physical inactivity and eating an unhealthy diet can play an important part in preventing chronic conditions.
According to the Center for Prevention and Health Services, chronic diseases are health conditions that require ongoing management over an extended period of time. Some chronic conditions have very few symptoms while others severely limit a person’s ability to perform normal, routine tasks. There are many chronic conditions affecting the workforce today, some of the most common being:
- Being Overweight or Obese
- Cardiovascular Disease (coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, congestive heart failure (CHF) and hypertension)
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (chronic bronchitis, emphysema or a combination of the two)
Employer Role in Chronic Condition Management
Approximately 133 million Americans live with the conditions of one or more chronic diseases, which translate into an increased cost for employers. On average, employer healthcare coverage for an employee with a chronic condition is five times higher than coverage for those without a chronic disease. So what can employers do to reduce healthcare costs for themselves and their employees? Think prevention. Treating chronic diseases involves physician visits, extended hospital stays, prescription drugs and expensive treatments. Prevention is the most cost-effective method of reducing chronic diseases among at-risk employees. To assist in prevention efforts, employers should implement workplace policies that encourage employees to use preventive services and health promotion programs. Ultimately, encouraging healthy behavior should be a corporate healthcare strategy to reduce costs. Here are some strategies to prevent chronic conditions within your workforce:
Understand your employee populations:
This way, you can tailor benefits and wellness programs to specific populations based on their current healthcare needs and risk factors.
Encourage usage of clinical preventive services by either covering those benefits in full or with a nominal copayment:
Financial barriers (high co-pays or out-of-pocket expenses) may prevent employees from receiving valuable preventive services, in spite of their significant health benefits. Make preventive services costs more affordable for employees to eliminate this barrier and improve utilization rates among your employee population.
Conduct employee health risk assessments (HRAs):
Conduct an HRA to identify employees who are at risk of chronic diseases. This creates an opportunity to intervene before the disease develops, or at least, during an earlier, less expensive stage of the disease. To encourage employees to take an HRA, offer incentives.
Educate employees about preventive services and benefit coverage:
Develop culturally competent materials to present to employees on preventive services and techniques.
Implement health promotion programs that address the top three causes of chronic conditions (tobacco usage, unhealthy diets and lack of physical activity):
- Provide smoking cessation programs as a covered service within your health plan. Cessation benefits cost between $1.20 and $4.80 per employee per year, yet the cost of tobacco use is about $3,400 per smoker per year. By year five, the benefits of smoking cessation programs begin to exceed the costs to implement the programs.
- Implement a smoke-free workplace to discourage smoking and to prevent the harmful effects of secondhand smoke.
- Subsidize smoking cessation aids by negotiating with your pharmacy benefit manager to include smoking cessation assistance as a covered benefit.
- Develop incentives for employees to participate in weight reduction programs or nutritional counseling programs. To encourage participation and success, provide rewards.
- Subsidize company cafeterias and vending machines to offer healthy food choices.
- Develop exercise programs to promote physical activity. Consider providing additional financial incentives such as subsidized gym memberships, financial rewards and on-site fitness facilities to boost participation.
Chronic diseases are serious, costly and most importantly, preventable. Once they are fully developed, these conditions may be managed, yet never cured. Despite this, there are safe, cost-effective interventions to avoid chronic diseases altogether. To avoid productivity loss, presenteeism, absenteeism, disability and early retirement for your employees, you must educate on the value of chronic disease prevention. By implementing a health promotion program and investing in prevention, you can retain a healthy and productive workforce.
At R&R, we are seeing more and more small businesses in Wisconsin having serious discussions about the link between obesity and workplace injury. On top of that – when you factor in wellness programs that will increase the health and longevity of employees and their families – small businesses can have a lot control over their health insurance costs and the productivity of their employees - control that they don't know they have. At R&R Insurance, we call this program WellCompForLife! Join the WellCompForLife discussion on LinkedIn!
Source: Center for Prevention and Health Services, Issue Brief
This information is not intended to be exhaustive nor should any discussion or opinions be construed as legal advice. Readers should contact legal counsel for legal advice. © 2013 Zywave, Inc. – republished from Zywave